EFFECT OF YOGIC PRACTICES ON SELECTED PHYSIOLOGICAL VARIABLES AMONG OBESE ADOLESCENT GIRLS

Abstract:

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The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of yogic practices on selected physiological variables among obese adolescent girls. For this purpose, 40 obese girls were selected from Govt. higher secondary school, Kelambakkam, Chennai. Their age ranged between 13 and 16 years and studying in 8th to 11th standard. The obese girls were chosen based on their excessive percent body fat. The study was conducted after school hours so that the class routine was not disturbed. Further, the selected forty obese adolescent girls were randomly assigned into experimental group (Group I (n=20)) and control group (Group II (n = 20)). The experimental group underwent 8 weeks of yogic practices which include Shavasana, Shirsasana, Ardhahalasana, Viparitkarani, Halasana, Sarvangasana, Ardhashalabhasana, Matsyasana, Shalabhasana, Bhujangasana, Dhanurasana, Vakrasana, Paschimottana, Vakrasana, Ardha-Matsyendra, Kapalbhati , Anulom Viloma, Ujjayi, Omkar for six days (i.e. Monday to Saturday) in a week. Each yoga session consisted of 8 mins of Surya namaskar, 30 minutes of asana, 5 minutes of pranayama and 2 minutes of meditation. Control group didn’t undergo any such practices. Finally, when the training period of eight weeks was over, all the subjects of experimental and control groups were assessed for the selected physiological variables as it was described in pre test. The collected data were analyzed through Analysis of Covariance statistical technique. The eight weeks yogic practice significantly reduced percent body fat and resting heart rate and significantly improved vital capacity among obese adolescent girls.
Keywords: Yogic Practices, Physiological, Obese, Adolescent Girls.